You should know that ABA treatment is:
Applied — We focus on making socially significant changes in behavior, meaning we care more about teaching language skills than changing an IQ score.
Behavior — Behavior means all things that are observable and measurable.This applies to everything we do: from how to greet someone, to when we see someone, to asking a question.
Analysis — We believe that our behavior is influenced by variables in the environment, and that a specific behavior will increase or decrease depending on how we manipulate those variables.
Comprehensive ABA looks at producing changes across global areas of functioning including cognitive, adaptive, social, and emotional domains. Programming is typically 25-40 hours/week of direct treatment with parent education. Comprehensive ABA intervention ranges from highly structured lessons to a more naturalistic programming that can look like play, chore completion or simple conversation. Comprehensive ABA is recommended for children who have just recently received the diagnosis and children generally between the ages of 0-7 years of age.
Focused ABA services are appropriate for individuals who (a) need treatment only for a limited number of key functional skills, or (b) have such an acute problem behavior that its treatment should be the priority. Focused ABA usually ranges between 10-25 hours/week of direct treatment.
Examples of key functional skills include: establishing instruction-following, social communication skills, compliance with medical and dental procedures, sleep hygiene, self-care skills, safety skills, and independent leisure skills (for example, appropriate participation in family and community activities).
Examples of acute problem behaviors requiring focused intervention include: self-injury, aggression, threats, pica, elopement, feeding disorders, stereotypic motor or vocal behavior, property destruction, noncompliance and disruptive behavior, or dysfunctional social behavior.
One of the most prevalent challenges for individuals with autism spectrum disorder is in the area of social skills. This includes difficulty with observational skills, eye contact, play interactions, social pragmatics, taking another’s perspective, making inferences, and sharing enjoyment and building relationships.
The assessment and intervention “matching” process is different from a one-size-fits all approach that involves generic behavioral interventions for unique and individual behavioral excesses and deficits. We believe that achievement in the domain of social interaction greatly improves the quality of life for a learner and we place a premium on screening, assessment, and individually tailored interventions.
One of the most meaningful conversations you will have with your clinical team is the importance of parent participation. It has been proven that parents who are actively involved in their child’s therapy often see more progress in their children.
At home, it’s important to reinforce skills your child is learning in therapy by incorporating them into his or her daily routines. As with any skill, practice is key. Your child is with his or her therapist for only a small part of each day, so if lessons aren’t practiced at home, or if the child’s home experience is greatly different from what happens in therapy, it will take much longer to learn and reach goals.
For suggestions on how to incorporate learning skills at home, ask your team’s behavior analyst.
Also, try these 5 simple home-based activities that you can start doing right now:
Got questions? We’re here to help. You can speak to one of our care managers at 888-805-0759, send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
At Autism Learning Partners, we hope that through exceptional clinical care, understanding and partnership, your child will make amazing progress.