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Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is widely recognized as the most effective treatment for individuals with autism.

You should know that ABA treatment is:

  • A discipline devoted to the understanding and improvement of human behavior, focusing on objectively defined, observable behaviors of social significance.
  • Used to change behaviors by evaluating the functional relationship between a behavior and the environment.
  • Structured to incorporate the teaching of appropriate and functional replacement behaviors.
  • Designed to treat a number of different disabilities in addition to Autism Spectrum Disorder.
  • Also used in other areas of life such as music, sports, anxiety reduction, weight loss and more.

Here’s another way to think about it:

Applied — We focus on making socially significant changes in behavior, meaning we care more about teaching language skills  than changing an IQ score.
Behavior — Behavior means all things that are observable and measurable.This applies to everything we do: from  how to greet someone, to when we see someone, to asking a question.
Analysis — We believe that our behavior is influenced by variables in the environment, and that a specific behavior will increase or decrease  depending on how we manipulate those variables.


Comprehensive/Early Intervention ABA Services

Comprehensive ABA looks at producing changes across global areas of functioning including cognitive, adaptive, social, and emotional domains. Programming is typically 25-40 hours/week of direct treatment with parent education. Comprehensive ABA intervention ranges from highly structured lessons to a more naturalistic programming that can look like play, chore completion or simple conversation. Comprehensive ABA is recommended for children who have just recently received the diagnosis and children generally between the ages of 0-7 years of age.


Focused ABA Therapy

Focused ABA services are appropriate for individuals who (a) need treatment only for a limited number of key functional skills, or (b) have such an acute problem behavior that its treatment should be the priority. Focused ABA usually ranges between 10-25 hours/week of direct treatment.

Examples of key functional skills include: establishing instruction-following, social communication skills, compliance with medical and dental procedures, sleep hygiene, self-care skills, safety skills, and independent leisure skills (for example, appropriate participation in family and community activities).

Examples of acute problem behaviors requiring focused intervention include: self-injury, aggression, threats, pica, elopement, feeding disorders, stereotypic motor or vocal behavior, property destruction, noncompliance and disruptive behavior, or dysfunctional social behavior.


Social Skills Programs

One of the most prevalent challenges for individuals with autism spectrum disorder is in the area of social skills. This includes difficulty with observational skills, eye contact, play interactions, social pragmatics, taking another’s perspective, making inferences, and sharing enjoyment and building relationships.

The assessment and intervention “matching” process is different from a one-size-fits all approach that involves generic behavioral interventions for unique and individual behavioral excesses and deficits. We believe that achievement in the domain of social interaction greatly improves the quality of life for a learner and we place a premium on screening, assessment, and individually tailored interventions.


Parent Participation Training

One of the most meaningful conversations you will have with your clinical team is the importance of parent participation. It has been proven that parents who are actively involved in their child’s therapy often see more progress in their children.

At home, it’s important to reinforce skills your child is learning in therapy by incorporating them into his or her daily routines. As with any skill, practice is key. Your child is with his or her therapist for only a small part of each day, so if lessons aren’t practiced at home, or if the child’s home experience is greatly different from what happens in therapy, it will take much longer to learn and reach goals.

For suggestions on how to incorporate learning skills at home, ask your team’s behavior analyst.

Also, try these 5 simple home-based activities that you can start doing right now:

  1. When your child asks for something, have them make eye contact with you before giving it to them.
  2. Practice simple exercises with your child like clapping, jumping and touching their nose or toes.
  3. Look through picture books and ask your child to find and point to specific pictures.
  4. Reinforce a specific communication skill (vocal, signs, etc.) by keeping a favorite item nearby but out of reach so the child must ask for it. Or keep the item in a clear plastic bin that’s not easy to open so the child must request “help” or “open.”
  5. Sing songs that have motions and have the child imitate your movements. Start with the “Itsy Bitsy Spider” or make up your own motions to any song you think your child would like.

Contact us to get started!

Got questions? We’re here to help. You can speak to one of our care managers at 888-805-0759, send an email to info@alp.com.
At Autism Learning Partners, we hope that through exceptional clinical care, understanding and partnership, your child will make amazing progress.

Additional Resources

Autism Learning Partners Social Skills Contact

Social Skills

At ALP, our social skills group is designed to support each child individually by providing more focused goal planning and the ability to reach key milestones  …all while having fun and making friends. For more information or to sign up, contact us today.

SOCIAL SKILLS CONTACT

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